Hide Most animals avoid people, but they may attack if they feel threatened, are protecting their young or territory, or if they are injured or ill.Animal bites and scratches can lead to serious diseases such as rabies.Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them. For more detailed information on avoiding bug bites, see Avoid Bug Bites.Make sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip.These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot.proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. If you are traveling from a country other than the US, check this list to see if you may be required to get the yellow fever vaccine: Countries with risk of yellow fever virus (YFV) transmission.
Certain factors may increase the risk of getting cholera or having severe disease (more information).
The Association for International Road Travel has country-specific Road Travel Reports available for most countries for a minimal fee.
Traffic flows on the left side of the road in Zimbabwe.
Avoiding unsafe food and water and washing your hands can also prevent cholera.
You can get hepatitis B through sexual contact, contaminated needles, and blood products, so CDC recommends this vaccine if you might have sex with a new partner, get a tattoo or piercing, or have any medical procedures.
Follow these tips to protect yourself: Many foreign hospitals and clinics are accredited by the Joint Commission International.