The underlying moral principle, though, was that the gods rewarded honorable behavior and obedience, and people who dishonored themselves or defied the gods usually paid a high price. Greece is a peninsula surrounded by sea and islands.Rugged mountains and the jagged coastline break the land into many small, separate areas. Instead, it consisted of small kingdoms that after about 800 . Because travel was easier by sea than by land, the Greeks became a nation of seafarers, and they traded and established colonies all over the Mediterranean and the Near East.They were not above using tricks and disguises to influence events, and their schemes and plots often entangled people.Heroes and ordinary humans in Greek myths frequently discovered that things were not what they appeared to be.She and her twin brother, the handsome young god Apollo, were the children of Zeus and the Titan Leto.
Two Olympian goddesses were virgins who resisted sexual advances from gods and men.
The Roman poet Ovid's poem the Metamorphoses] retells many Greek myths.
The word pantheon, which refers to all the gods of a particular culture, comes from the Greek pan (all) and theoi (gods).
Their actions stemmed from recognizable passions, such as pride, jealousy, love, and the thirst for revenge.
The deities often left Mount Olympus to become involved in the affairs of mortals, interacting with men and women as patrons, enemies, and sometimes lovers.
He was the protector of justice, kingship, authority, and the social order. Many myths tell of his love affairs with various goddesses, Titans, and human women—and their effects.