Modern History :: Andhra Pradesh Andhra Prasesh : The legacy of Kammas in the modern history of Andhra Pradesh: Their embrace of education.
Among the non-Brahmin communities, Kammas were one of the first to take to education in large numbers.
Oil lamps are a form of lighting, and were used as an alternative to candles before the use of electric lights.
Starting in 1780, the Argand lamp quickly replaced other oil lamps still in their basic ancient form.
The handleless lamps usually have an elongated nozzle, and sometimes have a lug rising diagonally from the periphery.
The lug may act as a small handle where the thumb rests. It was speculated that pierced lugs were used to place a pen or straw, called the acus or festuca, with which the wick was trimmed.
Zamindaris : Muktyala Naer Jaggayyapet/Krishna District/Andhra Pradesh (Vasireddy clan)Amaravati Guntur District/Andhra Pradesh (Vasireddy clan)Challapalli Krishna District/Andhra Pradesh (Yarlagadda clan). In Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Khammam, Ananthapur and Chittor Districts, and Kamma population is more when compare to other Districts. The main reason for this is Kammas are basically agriculturists, their main accoupation is agriculture.15% of the total agriculture land in A.
These lamps have handles and short plain nozzles, and less artistic finishing. African Red Slip lamps were made in North Africa, but widely exported, and decorated in a red slip.
Frog: This is a regional style lamp exclusively produced in Egypt and found in the regions around it, between c. They date from the 2nd to the 7th century AD and comprise a wide variety of shapes including a flat, heavily decorated shoulder with a small and relatively shallow discus.
They are generally found in roles ranging from large scale industries to small scale businesses.
One admirable characteristic about them is their recognition and belief in the dignity of labor, and are not above lending a hand to hired help and doing some field work themselves in agriculture if they see a need, which is generally considered something to be avoided in India by the upper castes. Kammas are also concentrated in some parts of Nizamabad, Nalgonda, Warangal, Kurnool, Hyderabad and Vizag Districts, in the remaining Districts Kammas are very less in count.
Sources of fuel for oil lamps include a wide variety of plants such as nuts (walnuts, almonds) and seeds (sesame, olive, castor, flax).